What Is An Infection?

An infection is a condition that causing health problem to a living organism. In infection a certain part of living organism will hosting foreign substance or species. The foreign species will live, eat from the host, trying to multiply.

In many cases the foreign organism will damage the host where they are trying to live and causing health problem and disease to the host. The foreign organism or also called as pathogens are mostly very small and microscopic.

There will be fight between the foreign species with the host as the host trying to defend itself and eliminate the foreign species and prevent them from multiplying, consume and damage the host with the help of immune system.

Every large organism that consists from various multiple cells (multi-cellular) often become the host and colonized by single cell microorganism in to certain degree. When the population of pathogens are small and do not affect or interfere the main function of the host, then the host and the pathogen will be able to coexist together and causing no problem to the living organism of the host.

But, most if the opposite reaction is happen and the foreign species are trying to interfere the host normal function and activities and threatening the host well-being, it will be called as infection. Therefore, an infection is basically a war between a host which trying to defend itself from a pathogen and pathogen who trying to live out from the host.

There are some types of pathogen that often attack larger organism and cause infection such as; viruses, bacteria, parasite, fungi, viroid and prions. There are some factors that will determine whether the pathogens bring disadvantages to the host or not such as:

The entry route of the pathogen

The area of the host where the pathogens staying and live

The amount of pathogen that are exist in the host

The potential danger severity from the foreign organism

The status and condition of the host’s immune system

Basic Knowledge On Tuberculosis Disease

Tuberculosis is a dangerous infection caused by certain bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In most cases the Tuberculosis or often referred as TB for short usually attack our lungs. The TB can also attack the genitourinary system, central nervous system, bones and joints, circulatory system and lymphatic system.

The growth of the Mtb is quite slow. It is divides and multiplied itself around every 16 to 20 hours which is much slower than other bacteria. Most bacteria will multiply in less than an hour or even in few minutes.

But, the slow growths of Mtb become advantages and give good chance for us to get quick treatment for the Tuberculosis. It will be very frightening if the Mtb can multiply in just few minutes, the outbreak will be fast and dreadful.

The disease is highly contagious. If the TB does not handle properly it can spread quickly and deadly. TB has infecting millions of people and took the life of many people every year, especially the people who live in developing countries.

About 90% of people who are infected by the disease have asymptomatic latent TB infection (LTBI). The people who have the LTBI will have higher risk to get the active Tuberculosis disease. The Tuberculosis is among top five of the most lethal diseases in the world where it took the life of around two million people around the world.

Usually the TB infection is waxes and wanes. Proper treatment using antibiotics will help to kill and reduce the Mtb and heal the infected areas. The areas which was infected by the TB will be covered by scar tissue.

The handling procedures for the TB treatment are very extensive. They are including a physical examination, chest X-ray, checking the medical history, micro biologic smears and cultures, a serological test and a tuberculin skin test.

The treatment will require a complete medical evaluation. But, due to the severity of the disease, the intensive process is necessary to make sure the Tuberculosis is treated properly and cured completely.

Common Foot Diseases

Our foot is one of the important parts of our body to support our mobility. And just like any part of our body there are some common diseases and health problems that are often attack our foots such as;

Cold and numb feet

These issues happen because the blood flow in our foot did not circulate properly. The lack of activity will blocked one of the arteries in your foot. This condition will disturb the blood circulation and to make mater worse, there are not enough fat in the feet that can be use as insulation to keep the feet warm.

To overcome this situation, you need to keep the feet warm with socks and keep moving your feet to stimulate the blood flow, so the blood can circulate properly. Changing your foot position once in a while and twitching the toes could help to reduce the risks of getting numb feet.

The main point is that you need to keep your feet active every once in a while. To increase the blood circulation faster you can soak your feet in hot or warm water or you can use special ointment or balm to keep your foot warm.

Corns on feet

This condition happen because the shoes that you wear did not fit properly with your feet. Because of this, the feet are suffered from the shoes friction and pressure. In the end on certain spot on the outer skin layer of your feet (especially the spot that always get too much friction and pressure with your shoes) become thickening and forming a cone shape.

To treat this condition, you need to shave off the upper part of the with small scissor or shaver without injuring the surround area of the corns, then use a corn plaster to make the skin on the corns area become soft. These plasters can be found easily in chemist shops or local drug store.

But for people who have diabetes, they should not use this procedure by themselves. They should go to their physician to treat this condition.

And the most important thing to prevent this condition is to stop wearing the shoes that did not fit properly.

Callouses

Callouses is also a thickened outer skin layer just like corns. The differences is that callouses did not forming a cone shape and the location is under the foot at the base of finger toes. There are many treatment and medicine that can be found easily in the drug store. You can ask the pharmacist or your physician to find the treatment and medication that suit to your condition.

Heel pain

The pain in the heels usually is very painful in the morning but the pain is slowly gone during the day. This condition is caused by bursitis that can be treated by injecting medicine in the heel. To reduce the heel pain you need to reduce the heel pressure by wearing soft padded heeled sandals.

Itching Feet

The itching feet usually caused by the Athletes foot. Athletes foot caused by fungus which infected our feet. The dampness of our feet is a perfect place for fungus to grow causing itchy feet, redness and on the sever case it can cause blisters.

To prevent the Athletes foot, you must make sure that your feet are always dry. If the feet are sweating too much or the feet become too damp you can use powder to reduce the moist.

Simple Methods To Stay Healthy At Your Own Home

These days, the numbers of people who spend most of their time at home and working from their own home have increase. Despite the convenient of working from your own home, it can be just as stressful like working at regular office. You need to make some plans to keep your health in check by making your home healthier to stay in with.

Here are some simple methods to make the home environment able to support the health of the people who live in it;

Healthy snack and food

Rather than filling your house with treats, cookies and candy you should fill it with healthy snack and foods that can be enjoyed by children and adults instead. This also will build healthy habits for children and reduce the risks of obesity to your children. Fill your fridge with fruits and vegetable and put rice crackers in the cupboards.

Drink a glass of water every few hours

Our body often make mistake by assuming hungry when we are thirsty. This will make you grab some foods when you are actually thirsty. You could get yourselves with filter jug and fill it with mineral water and one to three slice of lemon, lime, strawberry or orange.

This will help you to quench your thirst and hold your hunger for longer time. Do not drink too much of coffee and tea since they can make you thirsty faster. Put the limit of two cups of teas or coffees per day.

Keep your mind out of boredom

Boredom can cause the sensation of hungry. This is our body’s way to inform you to change the scene immediately, so your body can reduce the amount of pressure and stress that received. You can take a little walk around the house, strolling around the neighborhood, light gardening, listening to music or other small relaxing activities.

No matter how small the change of your scenery, it will help to stimulate your brain and reduce the amount of stress. You can also do some light exercise or stretching every hours to refresh your brain. It is also can help you to prevent back pain from sitting for a long time.

Working out while doing the housework

Do the housework with energy and enthusiast. Turn the music to improve your spirit when scrubbing the floor, cleaning the furniture and windows, vacuuming, lawn mowing or sweeping. This light workout will make your body move and keep you healthier.

Make your home safer from dangerous chemical

Put cleaning substances or other dangerous chemical that you still use in the safe place and lock it so children cannot reach it easily. Throw away any unused or left over chemical safely from your house. It will be better if you can find more eco-friendly cleaner to replace the toxic and dangerous chemical substance that you are using in the house.

Exercising with the stairs in your home

The stairs in your home can be utilized as an exercise equipment to train your legs and your body. With this you will able to strengthen your hips, legs and ankle bones, increase the strength of your leg muscles and burn few calories along the way.

Make Your Sinusitis Feel Better

If you are suffering from sinusitis, it will be better if you can understand how to avoid this problem before it is happen or at least minimize it, therefore the sinus infection will not disturb your daily activity. Sinusitis can occur when the sinus cavities are inflamed or getting infected by bacteria or fungi.

This disease can also occur even if your sinus cavities are not infected. It is just getting inflamed for other reasons such as injuries. Despite there are no standard for preventive action to avoid the sinusitis from happening, there are some steps that could help you to avoid or minimize the risk from getting one.

So, if you are suffering from sinusitis at the moment or getting possible symptoms, doing the steps that are going to be explained below can help you to reduce your suffering, particularly if you continuously exposed to any situation that contributed to your sinusitis problems such as headache, drainage, irritated throat or any other causes.

Maintain the moisture level

At first step, you need to maintain the moisture level in your nasal passages and cavities as best as you can. To do this, you can use nasal irrigation and saline spray.

Avoid dry room

Do not go to any room that has dry or low moisture level. This can cause the nasal passages getting dry and make the irritation become worse. In worse scenario, you will get a nosebleed if you stay too long in this type of room.

Avoid air pollutant

Avoid any airborne irritants such as any kind of smokes (cigarettes, fireplace, grill or cars), polluted air, fumes from various chemicals such as household cleaners, fabric softener, hair spray, and many other irritants. Try to find out whether you are allergic to dust mites or pollen, if you are allergic to them, ask your doctor on how to handle this problem.

Protect your nose from dust

Piling up dust in the places that are seldom to get cleaned such as closet, basement, storage place can cause a lot problem to the sinusitis sufferers. Make sure to wear mask when you are entering these places to protect your nasal passages, especially if you are suffering from sinusitis.

Avoid chlorine pool

When you are suffering from sinusitis, you must not swim in the pool that is treated with chlorine. This substance can make the irritation and inflammation get worse. Try to find pools that are using salt water instead of chlorine.

Do not go on diving

If you like diving, then you should avoid this activity when you have sinusitis. The force of water pressure will make your sinus infection worse.

Swallowing

If you are traveling by an airplane, the air pressure may make your nose and ears feel uncomfortable. To solve this situation, you could try to swallowing.

Try to find out the things that can cause sinusitis to your body. This will help to find good solution to your sinus problems and you might find a good treatment to cure your sinusitis problems since people can react differently to a specific treatment for their sinusitis.